Sometimes you want a development side project that will push you. A project that is non trivial, and provides lots of opportunities to think through problems as you build a complicated, data hungry application.
HNPWA using Rails + Stimulus
This version of the Hacker News Progressive Web app is built on top of Rails. It uses ActionCable for out of band communication between the front end and the back end. It uses ActiveJob to load in the Hacker News API in the background. It uses Russian Doll Caching everywhere to reuse rendered HTML. Stimulus.js provides the front end functionality wherever it’s needed. This app, as deployed in production, performed very well on the Google Lighthouse Audit and markets test, while fulfilling all the specs of the HNPWA.
The Data Design
All the data comes from the Hacker News firebase API, documented at: https://github.com/HackerNews/API. There are two models, an Item and and a User. The Item can be any of the stories, or it can be comments related to the stories. There is also implicit metadata associated with any item: where it belongs on a page. A story could be on the Top page and the Job page, or the New page and the Show page, or perhaps any of the five pages at the same time. This implicit design was made explicit by building a metadata class that kept track of an item’s location in one of the 5 public lists.
There are 5 different metadata models, each of which keeps track of the item’s location in it’s associated list. The
TopItem keeps track of locations and caching for an
Item in the
/top list, The
NewItem keeps track of locations and caching for an
Item in the
/new list, and so on for the other three models.
An ActiveJob for each of the categories loads all the item ids in order in from the API, and then spawns new jobs to load in the individual items. The results are rendered into HTML, cached, and sent over ActionCable to anyone who is listening. Stimulus is responsible for setting up the ActionCable channels on the front end, and listening for changes to items and for changes to locations, like in this tutorial.
More lessons coming soon
I plan on extracting a number of lessons out of building this web app, and how they can apply to building interactive and immersive web apps. One theme is talked about at RailsConf was about not blocking the perceived ”main thread“. Our customers expect some lag on loading pages, but with a little work on our part, apps can feel as fast as native apps.
Comments or Questions? Let me know how the practice problems went on twitter @jpbeatty
Want To Learn More?
Try out some more of my Stimulus.js Tutorials.
I gave a talk about this app at RailsConf 2019. Slides are available here: https://speakerdeck.com/johnbeatty/yes-rails-does-support-pwas
I’ll add the video of the talk when it’s available. Thank you to everyone who came up and said hello at RailsConf. I appreciate your support, and it’s great to hear from you all.